What Is Medieval World History?

Medieval World History refers to the period between the 5th and 15th century. During this time, Europe was experiencing significant changes in various aspects of life, including politics, economy, culture, and religion. It was a time of great upheaval that shaped the world as we know it today.

Political Changes

One of the most significant political changes during this period was the fall of the Roman Empire. The empire had been a dominant force for centuries but eventually declined due to internal strife, external invasions, and economic issues. Its fall led to a power vacuum that opened up new opportunities for various groups to establish their own kingdoms and empires.

During this period, feudalism emerged as a political system where lords would grant land to vassals in exchange for military service and loyalty. This system helped establish a hierarchy that provided stability and protection during times of war.

Economic Changes

The medieval period saw significant changes in the economy as well. Trade routes expanded, which led to increased commerce between different regions. The rise of guilds also helped regulate trade and provide opportunities for artisans to create high-quality goods.

Agriculture also underwent significant changes during this period with new technologies such as the heavy plow and horse collar being introduced. These innovations made it possible to cultivate larger fields more efficiently, leading to increased food production.

Cultural Changes

The medieval period was marked by significant cultural changes as well. Christianity became the dominant religion in Europe during this time with the establishment of the Catholic Church. Crusades were launched in an attempt to reclaim holy lands from Muslim control.

Artistic expression also underwent significant changes during this period with Gothic architecture emerging as a dominant form. Literature flourished with works such as Dante’s Divine Comedy and Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales becoming classics.


In conclusion, the medieval period was a time of significant change that shaped the world we live in today. Political, economic, and cultural changes all played a role in shaping the period, and the innovations and systems developed during this time still influence our lives today.

If you’re interested in learning more about medieval history, there are plenty of resources available online or at your local library. From books to documentaries, there’s something for everyone to learn about this fascinating period in world history.