What Is Plataea in Ancient Greece?

Plataea is a small town located in Boeotia, Greece. In ancient times, it played a significant role in the history of Greece. It was the site of one of the most famous battles in Greek history, the Battle of Plataea.

The Battle of Plataea

The Battle of Plataea took place in 479 BCE between the Greeks and the Persians. The Persian Empire, led by King Xerxes, had invaded Greece with a massive army. The Greeks, led by Sparta and Athens, formed an alliance to repel the invader.

The two armies met on the plain near Plataea. The Persian army was much larger than the Greek army, but the Greeks had a distinct advantage in terrain. They had chosen a spot where their flanks were protected by mountains and their front was protected by a river.

The battle was long and bloody, but ultimately, the Greeks emerged victorious. This was a turning point in the Greco-Persian Wars and marked the end of Persian attempts to conquer Greece.

The Importance of Plataea

The Battle of Plataea was not only significant because it marked a turning point in Greek history but also because it demonstrated what could be achieved when Greeks worked together. The alliance between Athens and Sparta was crucial to their victory over Persia.

Plataea itself became an important symbol of Greek unity and freedom. It became a place where Greeks from all over could come to celebrate their victory over Persia and honor those who had fought for their freedom.


In conclusion, Plataea holds great importance in ancient Greek history as the site of one of its most famous battles. The Battle of Plataea demonstrated what could be achieved through cooperation and unity among Greeks. Today, it remains an important symbol of Greek pride and freedom.