What Is Taught in High School World History?

World History is a fascinating subject that covers the entire history of human civilization. It helps us understand how our world has evolved and how we got to where we are today. High School World History is an important course that provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the events, people, and ideas that have shaped our global society.

Early Civilizations

The course usually begins with an exploration of early civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Students learn about the social, political, and economic structures of these societies. They also study their art, literature, religion, and philosophy.

Medieval Period

Next, students move on to the medieval period which covers the Middle Ages in Europe from the fall of Rome to the Renaissance. Topics covered include feudalism, chivalry, the Crusades, and the Black Death. Students also study the Islamic Golden Age and its contribution to science and mathematics.

Renaissance and Reformation

The Renaissance marked a significant shift in European culture and saw a revival of art, literature, science, and philosophy. Students learn about famous artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo as well as thinkers like Galileo Galilei and Sir Isaac Newton. The Reformation is also studied in this period which led to a split in Christianity between Catholicism and Protestantism.


The Enlightenment was a period of intellectual growth in Europe that saw new ideas about politics, economics, education, and religion. Students learn about famous thinkers like John Locke and Voltaire who advocated for individual rights and freedoms.

The Modern Era

The course concludes with an exploration of the modern era which covers events from the 18th century to present day. Topics studied include colonialism, imperialism, World War I & II, Cold War politics and globalization. Students also study the rise of nationalism, fascism, and communism.


In conclusion, High School World History is an essential course that provides students with a comprehensive understanding of global history. It covers a wide range of topics and helps students develop critical thinking skills. By studying the past, students can gain valuable insights into the present and be better equipped to shape the future.