What Is the Bloodiest Single Day Battle in World History?

The history of humanity is dotted with numerous battles and wars that have resulted in the loss of countless lives. However, one battle that stands out for its sheer brutality and bloodshed is the Battle of the Somme. This battle, fought during World War I, is widely considered to be the bloodiest single day battle in world history.

The Battle of the Somme

The Battle of the Somme was fought between July 1 and November 18, 1916, in the region of Somme in France. The primary objective of this battle was to relieve pressure on the French forces who were engaged in a fierce battle at Verdun. The British forces, supported by troops from France and other Commonwealth countries, were pitted against German troops who had fortified their positions along the Somme River.

The Scale of the Battle

The Battle of the Somme was one of the largest battles fought during World War I. It involved over three million troops from both sides and witnessed intense fighting along a front that stretched for over 25 miles. The British launched a massive artillery bombardment on German positions before launching their attack.

The First Day

July 1, 1916, marked the beginning of the Battle of the Somme. It was also one of the deadliest days in military history. The British army suffered over 57,000 casualties on this day alone, including more than 19,000 soldiers who were killed in action.

  • Over 1000 soldiers were killed or wounded within just first five minutes.
  • Approximately every six yards (5.5 meters) along entire front line there was a British casualty.
  • The Newfoundland Regiment lost almost an entire battalion within half an hour.

The Aftermath

Despite the heavy losses, the battle continued for several months, resulting in a total of over one million casualties on both sides. The British forces were eventually able to advance and capture some territory, but the gains were minimal and came at a great cost.


In conclusion, the Battle of the Somme stands as a testament to the horrors of war and the devastating impact it can have on human life. The sheer scale of this battle and its unprecedented bloodshed make it one of the most significant events in world history and a reminder of the sacrifices made by soldiers who fought for their countries.