What Is the Collection Found in Natural History and Natural Science Museum?

Natural history and natural science museums have collections that are a reflection of the natural world and its diversity. These museums are home to various specimens, artifacts, and exhibits that offer a comprehensive understanding of our planet’s history.

What is Natural History?
Natural history is the study of organisms and their environment. It encompasses various fields such as zoology, botany, geology, paleontology, and ecology. The collection found in natural history museums represents the diversity of life on earth.

What is Natural Science?
Natural science is the study of the physical world and its phenomena. It includes fields such as physics, chemistry, astronomy, and geology. The collection found in natural science museums represents scientific principles that govern the universe.


One of the most significant collections found in natural history and natural science museums is specimens. These include preserved animals, plants, minerals, rocks, fossils, and more. These specimens help researchers to understand biological classification systems and evolutionary relationships between different species.

  • Animals: Natural history museums have a vast collection of animal specimens ranging from insects to mammals.
  • Plants: Botanical gardens are an integral part of natural history museums where visitors can witness live plants.
  • Minerals: Mineralogy is another field that falls under natural history where minerals are studied for their physical properties.
  • Fossils: Paleontology is a field that studies fossils to understand the evolution of life on earth.

Cultural Artifacts

In addition to specimens, some natural history museums also have cultural artifacts on display. These artifacts represent human civilizations throughout history.

  • Ancient Artifacts: Museums have a collection of ancient artifacts from different parts of the world, such as pottery, carvings, and jewelry.
  • Tools and Weapons: Tools and weapons used by humans in ancient times are also on display in natural history museums.
  • Coin Collection: Some museums have a vast collection of coins that provide insight into the economic history of different civilizations.


Natural history museums also have exhibits that showcase various scientific principles and phenomena. These exhibits help visitors understand scientific concepts in an engaging and interactive way.


Dioramas are a popular exhibit found in natural history museums. These miniature models recreate natural habitats and environments, giving visitors an immersive experience.

Interactive Exhibits

Interactive exhibits are another type of exhibit found in natural history museums. These exhibits use technology to engage visitors in hands-on activities that help them learn about scientific principles.

In Conclusion

The collections found in natural history and natural science museums represent the diversity of life on earth and its scientific principles. Museums play an essential role in educating people about our planet’s past, present, and future.