The date of Jesus’ resurrection is a topic of much debate and discussion among historians and theologians. While there is no definitive answer, there are several theories that attempt to pinpoint the exact date of this significant event in Christianity.
The Importance of Jesus’ Resurrection
Before we delve into the various theories about the date of Jesus’ resurrection, it’s important to understand why this event is so significant. For Christians, the resurrection is the cornerstone of their faith and represents the ultimate victory over death and sin. According to Christian beliefs, Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion, demonstrating his divine power and validating his teachings.
Theories About the Date of Jesus’ Resurrection
There are several theories about when exactly Jesus was resurrected. Some scholars believe that he was resurrected on April 9th, while others argue that it was on April 7th or even April 5th. These dates are based on various factors such as astronomical events, historical records, and biblical texts.
The April 9th Theory
One theory about the date of Jesus’ resurrection is based on astronomical calculations. It’s believed that a lunar eclipse occurred on April 3rd in 33 AD, which would have been around the time of Passover when Jesus was crucified. Using this information, some scholars have concluded that Jesus was resurrected three days later on April 9th.
The April 7th Theory
Another theory suggests that Jesus was resurrected on April 7th, based on historical records from Jewish historian Josephus Flavius. In his writings, Flavius mentions an eclipse that occurred shortly before Herod’s death in 4 BC. By calculating backwards from this event, some scholars have arrived at April 7th as the date of Jesus’ resurrection.
The April 5th Theory
A third theory proposes that Jesus was resurrected on April 5th, based on biblical texts. Specifically, some scholars point to a verse in the Gospel of John which states that Jesus was crucified on the day before the Sabbath (John 19:31). Since the Sabbath in question was likely the first day of Passover, which began on April 6th in 33 AD, this would place Jesus’ crucifixion on April 5th and his resurrection three days later.
While there is no definitive answer to the question of when exactly Jesus was resurrected, these theories provide some insight into the various factors that scholars consider when attempting to pinpoint this date. Regardless of which theory is correct, however, one thing is clear: the resurrection remains a central event in Christianity and continues to inspire believers around the world today.
- April 9th: Based on astronomical calculations
- April 7th: Based on historical records from Josephus Flavius
- April 5th: Based on biblical texts from the Gospel of John