What Is the First History in the World?

When we talk about history, we delve into the past to understand where we came from, how things were and how they have changed. The world is full of ancient civilizations that have left behind a legacy that continues to fascinate us to this day.

But what is the first history in the world? Let’s explore.

The First Civilization

The first civilization in the world was the Sumerians who lived in Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq, around 4000 BCE. They were known for their advancements in agriculture, architecture and writing. It is through their writing system that we have discovered some of the earliest recorded histories.

Cuneiform Writing

Sumerians used a writing system called cuneiform which involved pressing a reed stylus into clay tablets to create wedge-shaped markings. These tablets contained records of business transactions, legal codes and religious beliefs.

The Epic of Gilgamesh

One of the most famous examples of Sumerian literature is The Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem that tells the story of a king searching for immortality. This poem was written around 2100 BCE and is considered one of the earliest recorded works of literature.

Ancient Egypt

Around 3000 BCE, another great civilization emerged along the Nile river – Ancient Egypt. Egyptians were known for their impressive architectural feats such as pyramids and temples. They also had a writing system called hieroglyphics which used pictures to represent words.

The Rosetta Stone

One of the most important discoveries in understanding ancient Egyptian history was The Rosetta Stone. This stone contained inscriptions in three different scripts – Greek, demotic and hieroglyphics – which helped scholars decipher hieroglyphics for the first time.


While there were other civilizations that existed before the Sumerians and Egyptians, their writing systems have provided us with the earliest recorded histories. Through these writings, we are able to understand how people lived, worked and believed in ancient times. The study of history is crucial in understanding our past and shaping our future.