What Is the Highest Mountain in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, Mount Olympus was considered the highest mountain. It was not only the tallest peak in Greece but also held great significance in Greek mythology as the dwelling place of the gods.

Mount Olympus: The Home of the Gods

Mount Olympus, located on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia, is an awe-inspiring mountain that reaches a staggering height of 9,573 feet (2,918 meters). Its prominence and majestic presence earned it a special place in Greek mythology.

According to ancient Greek beliefs, Olympus was where gods and goddesses resided and ruled over all worldly affairs. Twelve Olympian deities, including Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Hermes, Aphrodite, Demeter, Dionysus, and Hephaestus were said to have their thrones on this mythical mountain.

The Ascent to Mount Olympus

Climbing Mount Olympus today is a popular activity for outdoor enthusiasts. The ascent offers breathtaking views of lush forests and diverse flora and fauna. Hikers can explore multiple trails that lead to different peaks within the mountain range.

One of the most popular routes is the E4 European long-distance path, which takes hikers through scenic landscapes and eventually leads them to Mytikas – the highest peak of Mount Olympus.

Ancient Greek Mythology

Ancient Greeks believed that Olympus was a sacred place where gods convened for important discussions and decision-making. The mountain served as a symbol of power and divinity.

  • Zeus, known as the king of gods and sky-father, resided on Mount Olympus. He was the ruler of both gods and mortals, and his position atop the mountain reflected his authority.
  • Hera, Zeus’s wife and sister, was also associated with Mount Olympus. She was the goddess of marriage and childbirth.
  • Poseidon, god of the sea, was believed to have created springs on Mount Olympus with his trident.
  • Athena, the goddess of wisdom, warfare, and crafts, was born fully grown from Zeus’s head on Mount Olympus.

The stories of Greek gods and their interactions played a significant role in shaping ancient Greek culture and society. The belief in the divine presence on Mount Olympus influenced various aspects of life, including religious practices, art, and literature.


Mount Olympus holds a prominent place in both ancient Greek mythology and geographical significance. As the highest mountain in ancient Greece, it served as a mythical abode for gods while captivating human imagination for centuries. Today, it continues to attract adventurers who seek to experience its natural beauty and immerse themselves in the rich history surrounding this legendary peak.