What Is the History of Slavery in the World?

Slavery is a practice that has existed for thousands of years. It has been implemented in various forms by different societies in different parts of the world.

While it may seem like an archaic practice that no longer exists, slavery still persists in some parts of the world today. In this article, we will explore the history of slavery in the world.

The Origins of Slavery

The origins of slavery can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Greece. Slavery was a common practice in these societies and was used to provide a cheap labor force for industries such as agriculture, mining, and construction.

Slavery in Ancient Rome

Perhaps the most well-known example of slavery is that which existed in ancient Rome. Slaves made up a significant portion of the Roman population and were used for a variety of tasks such as manual labor, domestic work, and even fighting in wars.

Transatlantic Slave Trade

One of the most infamous periods in the history of slavery is the transatlantic slave trade. This involved the forced transportation of millions of Africans to America between the 16th and 19th centuries. The slaves were then sold into servitude on plantations where they worked under brutal conditions.

The Abolitionist Movement

The abolitionist movement began to gain momentum during the 18th century with individuals such as William Wilberforce working tirelessly to end slavery. The movement eventually led to the abolition of slavery in many parts of the world including Britain, France, and America.

Modern-Day Slavery

While slavery may have been abolished in many parts of the world, it still persists today albeit in different forms. Modern-day slavery can take many forms including forced labor, human trafficking, and debt bondage.


The history of slavery is a dark and complex one. While progress has been made in the fight against slavery, there is still much work to be done. It is up to us to continue the fight against this heinous practice and ensure that it is eradicated from our world once and for all.