What Is the History of the Resurrection of Jesus?

The resurrection of Jesus is a central event in Christianity. It is the belief that Jesus Christ rose from the dead three days after his crucifixion. The history of this event has been debated for centuries, with some claiming that it did not occur at all, while others firmly believe in its occurrence.

The Biblical Account of the Resurrection

According to the Bible, Jesus was crucified by the Roman authorities and died on a Friday afternoon. His body was taken down from the cross and placed in a tomb owned by Joseph of Arimathea. A large stone was rolled in front of the tomb to seal it shut.

On Sunday morning, several women went to visit the tomb and found that it was empty. An angel appeared to them and told them that Jesus had risen from the dead. They went to tell the disciples, who were initially skeptical but eventually came to believe that Jesus had indeed risen.

Historical Evidence for the Resurrection

While the resurrection is primarily a matter of faith for Christians, there are also historical accounts that support its occurrence. The New Testament contains multiple eyewitness accounts of people seeing Jesus after his death, including his disciples and other followers.

Additionally, there are several non-Christian sources from around the time of Jesus’ death that mention his crucifixion and subsequent disappearance from the tomb. These include writings by Roman historians such as Tacitus and Suetonius.

Alternative Theories

Despite this evidence, there are still those who reject the idea of a physical resurrection. Some argue that Jesus’ body was simply moved or stolen from the tomb, while others propose that he never actually died on the cross but instead survived and went into hiding.

There are also those who claim that accounts of Jesus’ resurrection were simply legends or myths created by early Christians seeking to bolster their faith.


The resurrection of Jesus is a central tenet of the Christian faith, and its historical basis has been debated for centuries. While there is evidence to support its occurrence, there are also alternative theories that seek to explain the events in other ways.

Regardless of one’s beliefs, the story of Jesus’ resurrection remains a powerful symbol of hope and renewal for millions of people around the world.