What Is the History of World Politics?

World politics is a complex and multifaceted subject that has been shaped by countless factors throughout history. From the earliest civilizations to modern times, the political landscape of the world has been constantly evolving and changing. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating history of world politics and explore some of the key events and factors that have shaped it.

Ancient World Politics

Politics has been a part of human society since the earliest civilizations. In ancient societies, rulers were often chosen based on their strength, intelligence, or religious affiliations. Ancient Egypt was one such civilization where Pharaohs were considered divine beings who ruled over their subjects with absolute power.

In Greece, democracy was born in the city-state of Athens in the 5th century BC. Under this system, citizens had a say in how their city was governed through voting and participation in government institutions.

The Middle Ages

The Middle Ages saw the rise of feudalism which dominated Europe from the 9th to 15th centuries. Feudalism was a social and economic system where lords held power over their vassals who provided them with military service and loyalty in exchange for land and protection.

In Asia, China’s Tang dynasty (618-907 AD) saw significant political stability and prosperity under Emperor Taizong’s reign. He implemented many reforms that strengthened centralization and administrative efficiency in governance.

The Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration led to significant changes in world politics as European powers expanded their empires across the globe. European colonialism involved imposing political control over foreign territories for economic exploitation.

The Treaty of Westphalia signed in 1648 marked a turning point by establishing national sovereignty as a key principle governing international relations between states.

Modern Politics

Modern politics is characterized by increasing globalization, technological advancements, and shifting power dynamics. The two World Wars and the Cold War were defining moments in modern politics that shaped the world as we know it today.

The World Wars

World War I and II were global conflicts that had a profound impact on world politics. The Treaty of Versailles signed after WWI led to significant changes in Europe’s political landscape, while WWII resulted in the formation of the United Nations and the beginning of the Cold War.

The Cold War

The Cold War was a long standoff between two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, that lasted from 1947 to 1991. It was characterized by proxy wars, nuclear arms races, and ideological conflict between capitalism and communism.


In conclusion, world politics has undergone significant changes throughout history driven by numerous factors such as culture, war, economic interests, and technological advancements. Understanding these changes is crucial in comprehending current political dynamics shaping our world. By studying history, we can better understand how societies have evolved politically over time and use this knowledge to shape our future.