What Is the Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome?

The ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome have left an indelible mark on the world. From language to politics, architecture to philosophy, their legacy continues to influence our modern way of life.


One of the most significant legacies of these ancient civilizations is language. Both Greek and Latin are considered classical languages, meaning they have had a profound impact on the development of many other languages.

English, for example, has borrowed heavily from these two languages. Many English words have their origins in Greek and Latin roots. Words like “telephone” (from the Greek word “tele,” meaning far) and “portable” (from the Latin word “portare,” meaning to carry) are just a few examples.


The political systems of Greece and Rome were also influential. The Greeks invented democracy – a system where citizens have a say in how they are governed – while the Romans developed a republic – where representatives are elected to govern on behalf of the people. These systems were revolutionary at the time and continue to be an inspiration for modern democracies.


When it comes to architecture, both Greece and Rome have left an impressive legacy. The Greeks introduced us to classicism – characterized by simplicity, symmetry, and balance – which can be seen in structures like the Parthenon in Athens. Meanwhile, Roman architecture was characterized by grandeur and scale, with structures like the Colosseum still standing as awe-inspiring examples.


Philosophy is another area where ancient Greece has had a significant impact. The Greeks were renowned for their philosophical ideas about morality, ethics, politics, and more. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are three philosophers whose ideas continue to influence modern thinking.


Socrates believed that knowledge was attainable through questioning and critical thinking. He emphasized the importance of self-awareness and personal growth.


Plato believed in the existence of absolute truth and that individuals could achieve enlightenment through education. He also stressed the importance of justice, arguing that it was necessary for a just society.


Aristotle was a polymath who made significant contributions to fields like biology, physics, and ethics. He believed that moderation was key to leading a virtuous life and that individuals should strive for balance in all things.


In conclusion, the legacy of ancient Greece and Rome is vast and varied. From language to politics, architecture to philosophy, their influence can be felt in almost every aspect of modern life. Whether we realize it or not, these ancient civilizations have helped shape our world into what it is today.