What Is the Longest War in World History?

When we think of wars, we typically think of conflicts that last for a few years or even a decade. However, there is one war that has lasted for centuries and continues to this day: the Arab-Israeli conflict.

This ongoing conflict began in the late 19th century when Jewish immigrants began to settle in Palestine, which was then under Ottoman rule. As more Jews arrived, tensions grew between them and the Arab residents of the region.

In 1948, when Israel declared its independence, neighboring Arab countries launched an attack on the newly formed state. This marked the beginning of the first Arab-Israeli war.

Since then, there have been numerous conflicts between Israel and its Arab neighbors, including Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. These conflicts have taken many forms, including large-scale wars like the Six-Day War in 1967 and smaller-scale conflicts like terrorist attacks and border skirmishes.

Over the years, many attempts have been made to broker peace between Israel and its neighbors. The most famous of these was the Oslo Accords signed in 1993 between Israel and Palestine. However, despite these efforts, peace has remained elusive.

The reasons for this ongoing conflict are complex and multifaceted. At its core is a disagreement over land ownership and national identity. Both Israelis and Palestinians claim historical ties to the land of Palestine/Israel and believe that they have a right to live there.

Religious differences also play a role in this conflict. Jerusalem is considered a holy city by both Jews and Muslims, leading to disputes over control of religious sites such as the Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif.

In addition to these factors, geopolitical interests also come into play. The United States supports Israel while many Arab countries support Palestine. Other countries like Russia have their own interests in the region as well.

Despite all these challenges, there is still hope for peace in the region. Some have suggested a two-state solution, with Israel and Palestine living side-by-side in peace. Others have proposed a one-state solution, where Israelis and Palestinians would live together in a single state.

Regardless of the eventual outcome, it is clear that the Arab-Israeli conflict is one of the most complex and enduring conflicts in human history. And while there have been periods of relative calm, the fact that this conflict has lasted for over a century shows just how difficult it is to resolve.