What Is the Most Famous Sculpture in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greek art is renowned for its exquisite sculptures that were made to depict various mythological and historical figures. Amongst the many masterpieces of ancient Greek sculptors, one sculpture stands out as the most famous – the Venus de Milo.

The Venus de Milo: A Brief History

The Venus de Milo or Aphrodite of Milos is a marble statue of the Greek goddess of love and beauty, Aphrodite. It was discovered in 1820 on the island of Milos (also known as Melos) by a peasant named Yorgos Kentrotas. The statue was found in several pieces, which were later reassembled by French archaeologist Léon-Jean-Joseph Dubois.

The Sculpture’s Design

The Venus de Milo stands at 6 feet 8 inches tall and is believed to have been created between 130 and 100 BCE. The sculpture depicts Aphrodite standing with her weight on one leg, while her other leg is slightly bent. Her arms are missing, but it is believed that she was holding a shield in her left hand and an apple in her right.

One of the striking features of the sculpture is its intricate drapery. The folds of cloth cling to her body, accentuating her curves and adding to the overall elegance and gracefulness of the figure.

Symbolism Behind the Sculpture

The symbolism behind this iconic sculpture has been debated by scholars for centuries. Some believe that it represents Aphrodite as the goddess of love and beauty, while others believe that it represents her as a warrior goddess due to the shield she may have been holding.

Regardless of its intended symbolism, there is no denying that the Venus de Milo remains one of the most visually stunning sculptures from Ancient Greece.


In conclusion, while there are many remarkable sculptures from Ancient Greece, the Venus de Milo remains the most famous for its beauty and intricate design. This sculpture continues to captivate people from all over the world who marvel at its timeless elegance and gracefulness.