What Is the Relation Between Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome?

Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome are two civilizations that are often compared and contrasted due to their close proximity in time and geography. While there are some similarities between the two, such as their Mediterranean location and the fact that Rome conquered Greece, there are also many differences. In this article, we will explore the relation between Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome.



Ancient Greece was located in southeastern Europe along the Aegean Sea. It consisted of many small city-states, each with its own government and culture. The most famous of these city-states were Athens, Sparta, and Corinth.


Ancient Rome was located in central Italy along the Tiber River. It began as a small city-state but eventually grew to become an empire that spanned much of Europe, Africa, and Asia.


Ancient Greece is often referred to as the birthplace of Western civilization. Its history spans from the Bronze Age to the Hellenistic period. During this time, Greece developed democracy, philosophy, literature, art, and science.

Ancient Rome began as a monarchy but eventually became a republic. It is known for its military conquests, engineering feats (such as aqueducts), law (the Twelve Tables), and architecture (such as the Colosseum).


Ancient Greek culture revolved around religion and mythology. The Greeks believed in many gods and goddesses who controlled different aspects of life. They also valued physical beauty and athleticism.

Ancient Roman culture was heavily influenced by Greek culture but had its own distinct characteristics. The Romans were known for their engineering feats (such as aqueducts), law (the Twelve Tables), and architecture (such as the Colosseum). They also valued military prowess and conquest.

Relation between Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome conquered Greece in 146 BC. This led to a blending of Greek and Roman culture, known as Greco-Roman culture.

Many aspects of Greek culture, such as philosophy, literature, and art, were adopted by the Romans. The Romans also added their own contributions to these fields.

One notable example of this blending of cultures is in mythology. The Romans adopted many Greek gods and goddesses but gave them new names. For example, Zeus became Jupiter and Aphrodite became Venus.

Another example is in architecture. The Romans were heavily influenced by Greek architecture but added their own innovations, such as the use of concrete.


In conclusion, while Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome had some similarities due to their Mediterranean location, they also had many differences in geography, history, and culture. However, their relation cannot be ignored as Rome’s conquest of Greece led to a blending of cultures that greatly influenced Western civilization.