What Is Unit 3 of AP World History?

If you’re a student studying for the AP World History exam, then you know that there’s a lot of material to cover. One of the key units that you’ll need to master is Unit 3, which covers the period from 600 CE to 1450 CE.

In this unit, you’ll explore the rise and fall of empires, the spread of religions, and the development of trade networks. Let’s take a closer look at what Unit 3 entails.

The Big Picture

Unit 3 covers a period of significant change in world history. During this time, empires rose and fell, and new religions emerged and spread across different parts of the world. One of the most significant events during this time was the rise of Islam, which had a profound impact on politics, society, and culture in many parts of Africa, Asia, and Europe.

Key Themes

To help you understand Unit 3 better, it’s important to be familiar with some key themes that run throughout this period:

  • Empires: In Unit 3, you’ll learn about empires like China’s Tang dynasty and Song dynasty, as well as Islamic empires like the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • Religion: This period saw the emergence of new religions like Islam and Buddhism.
  • Trade: You’ll explore how trade networks developed during this time and how they affected different regions around the world.
  • Cultural exchange: With increased trade came increased cultural exchange between different regions.

The Rise of Islamic Empires

One of the most significant developments during this time was the rise of Islamic empires like the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. This empire had a profound impact on the development of Islamic civilization and culture, as well as on other regions that it came into contact with.

The Spread of Islam

Islam began in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century and quickly spread across much of the Middle East and North Africa. By the 8th century, Islamic armies had conquered much of Spain and were making incursions into France.

Islamic Civilization

The Abbasid Caliphate was known for its cultural achievements, including advances in science, mathematics, and literature. Scholars from different parts of the world came to Baghdad to study and share knowledge.

The Mongol Empire

Another significant empire during this time was the Mongol Empire, which was founded by Genghis Khan in the early 13th century. The Mongols conquered a vast territory that extended from China to Eastern Europe.

Mongol Conquests

Under Genghis Khan’s leadership, the Mongols conquered a vast territory that included China, Korea, Central Asia, and much of Eastern Europe.

The Pax Mongolica

After their conquests were complete, the Mongols established a period of peace and stability known as the Pax Mongolica. During this time, trade flourished along the Silk Road and cultural exchange thrived between different regions.

Conclusion

Unit 3 covers a period of significant change in world history. By understanding key themes like empires, religion, trade, and cultural exchange, you’ll be better equipped to navigate this complex period. Whether you’re studying for the AP World History exam or simply interested in learning more about this fascinating period in history, Unit 3 is an important part of your education.