What Is World History in School?

World history is a subject that is studied in schools all over the world. It is a fascinating and diverse field that covers the entire history of humanity, from the earliest civilizations to the present day. In this article, we will explore what exactly world history is and why it is important for students to learn about it.

What Is World History?

World history is the study of human civilization and its development over time. It examines how societies have changed and evolved throughout history, from their earliest beginnings to modern times. This includes everything from political systems and economic structures to cultural traditions and artistic movements.

Why Is World History Important?

There are many reasons why world history is an important subject for students to study. Here are just a few:

  • Understanding Our Roots: By studying world history, students can gain a deeper understanding of where they come from and how their own culture has been shaped by the events of the past.
  • Broadening Perspectives: World history exposes students to different cultures, beliefs, and ways of thinking, which can broaden their perspectives and help them develop empathy for people from all walks of life.
  • Preparing for Global Citizenship: In today’s interconnected world, it is more important than ever for students to be aware of global issues and understand how different countries interact with each other. World history provides this context.

The Scope of World History

The scope of world history is vast – it covers everything from prehistoric times to modern-day events. Some of the key topics that are covered in world history include:

  • The Ancient World: This includes early civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, and China.
  • The Middle Ages: This period covers the fall of Rome to the Renaissance, and includes important events like the Crusades, the Black Death, and the rise of Christianity.
  • The Age of Exploration: This period saw Europeans exploring and colonizing new parts of the world, with major events including Columbus’ voyages to America and the establishment of European colonies in Africa and Asia.
  • The Modern Era: This includes everything from the Industrial Revolution to World War II, the Cold War, and modern-day globalization.

How Is World History Taught?

World history is typically taught in a chronological fashion, starting with early civilizations and progressing through time to modern-day events. Teachers may use a variety of resources to help students learn about these topics, including textbooks, primary sources such as letters and diaries from historical figures, films and documentaries, and hands-on activities like reenactments or field trips.


In conclusion, world history is an important subject for students to study because it helps them understand their own roots, broadens their perspectives on other cultures and ways of thinking, prepares them for global citizenship in an interconnected world, and provides context for current events. With its vast scope covering everything from early civilizations to modern-day globalization, there is always something new to learn in world history.