What Is World History in Simple Words?

World history refers to the study of global events that have taken place over time. It encompasses all aspects of human life, including politics, culture, society, and economics. The subject is vast and covers a wide range of topics, from ancient civilizations to modern-day developments.

Why Study World History?

Studying world history is important for several reasons. Firstly, it helps us understand how human civilization has evolved over time. It gives us an insight into the past and helps us appreciate the present.

Secondly, it enables us to learn from the mistakes made by our ancestors. By understanding the causes and effects of historical events, we can make better decisions in the present.

Lastly, studying world history promotes cultural understanding and tolerance. It teaches us about different cultures and their contributions to human civilization.

What Does World History Cover?

World history covers a broad range of topics and periods. Some of the significant events covered in world history include:

  • The rise and fall of ancient civilizations such as Greece, Rome, Egypt, and China
  • The Middle Ages
  • The Renaissance
  • The Age of Exploration
  • The Industrial Revolution
  • World War I and II
  • The Cold War
  • The Digital Age

How Is World History Studied?

World history can be studied through various methods such as textbooks, documentaries, museums, and academic journals. Historians use primary sources such as diaries, letters, photographs, and government records to reconstruct historical events accurately.

Additionally, advances in technology have made it easier for historians to study world history. For instance, digital archives now provide access to millions of historical documents that were previously unavailable.


In conclusion, world history is an essential subject that helps us understand human civilization’s evolution over time. It teaches us about the past, enables us to learn from our mistakes, and promotes cultural understanding and tolerance. It is a subject that everyone should study to gain a better understanding of the world we live in today.