What Is World History in UPSC?

World history is an integral part of the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) syllabus. It is a vast subject that covers the history of the world from ancient times to the present day. The study of world history helps in understanding the evolution of human civilization and its impact on contemporary society.

Why is World History important in UPSC?

The importance of world history in UPSC can be understood from the fact that it constitutes a significant portion of the General Studies paper. The UPSC aims to assess the candidate’s knowledge and understanding of various aspects of world history, its relevance to Indian society, and its impact on contemporary issues.

Topics covered under World History in UPSC

The syllabus for world history in UPSC is vast and covers a broad range of topics. Some of the significant topics covered under this subject are:

Ancient World History

Ancient world history covers the period from prehistoric times to around 500 CE. This period saw the emergence of some great civilizations, such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, China, India, etc.

Medieval World History

Medieval world history covers the period between 500 CE and 1500 CE. This period saw significant developments in trade, commerce, religion, art and architecture, science and technology.

Modern World History

Modern world history covers the period from 1500 CE to the present day. This period saw significant political upheavals like colonialism, nationalism, two World Wars, Cold War era followed by globalization.

Important events & Movements

Apart from these periods/topics mentioned above which are more broad-based themes there are various important events and movements that candidates need to be aware of such as French Revolution (1789), Industrial Revolution (18th century), Russian Revolution (1917), World War I and II, Cold War (1947-1991), the rise of Fascism, Nazism, and other authoritarian regimes.

Preparation tips for World History in UPSC

Preparing for world history in UPSC can be challenging due to the vastness of the subject. Here are some tips that can help aspirants to prepare effectively for this subject:

  • Make a study plan: Plan your preparation well in advance and set a realistic Target for each day/week.
  • Read standard books: NCERT textbooks on world history are a good starting point. Later on, aspirants can move to advanced level books such as ‘A History of the World’ by Andrew Marr or ‘The Penguin History of the Twentieth Century’ by J.M. Roberts.
  • Watch documentaries & movies: Watching documentaries and movies based on historical events can help in better understanding and retention of information.
  • Practice previous year question papers: Solving previous year question papers will help aspirants to get an idea about the type of questions asked in the exam.
  • Conclusion

    In conclusion, world history is an essential subject in UPSC that requires a comprehensive understanding of various historical events and their impact on contemporary issues. Aspirants should prepare well and adopt a strategic approach towards this subject to crack this exam with flying colors.