What Killed Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is considered to be one of the most influential civilizations in human history. However, despite its many accomplishments, it eventually fell into decline and was ultimately conquered by the Romans. So, what killed Ancient Greece?

The Rise of Athens

In the 5th century BCE, Athens emerged as a dominant power in Greece. Its democratic government and powerful navy allowed it to control trade routes and become wealthy. However, this power also led to conflict with other city-states, particularly Sparta.

The Peloponnesian War

The rivalry between Athens and Sparta erupted into the Peloponnesian War in 431 BCE. This devastating conflict lasted for nearly three decades and resulted in the eventual defeat of Athens. The war weakened all of Greece and left it vulnerable to invasion from outside forces.

Alexander the Great

In the 4th century BCE, Alexander the Great rose to power and conquered much of Greece and Asia Minor. While his rule brought about a period of cultural flourishing known as the Hellenistic period, it also marked the end of Greek independence.

Invasion by Rome

By 146 BCE, Rome had conquered Greece, bringing an end to its independence. The Romans were interested in Greek culture and philosophy but imposed their own political system on the region.


In conclusion, there were several factors that contributed to the decline and fall of Ancient Greece. The rise of Athens led to conflict with other city-states, while later conquests by Alexander the Great weakened Greek independence. Finally, invasion by Rome brought an end to Ancient Greek civilization as we know it today.

  • Lesson Learned: The decline and fall of Ancient Greece serves as a reminder that even great civilizations can falter if they fail to adapt or are beset by external forces beyond their control.


  1. https://www.history.com/topics/ancient-greece/ancient-greece
  2. https://www.britannica.com/place/ancient-Greece
  3. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/archaeology/what-happened-to-ancient-greece/