What Kind of Crops Did Ancient Greece Grow?

Ancient Greece is widely known for its contributions to science, philosophy, and the arts. However, its agricultural practices were also an integral part of its culture and economy.

The Greek climate was ideal for growing a variety of crops, which formed the basis of their diet. In this article, we will explore the different types of crops that were grown in Ancient Greece.


One of the most important crops that Ancient Greeks grew was grains. Wheat and barley were the most commonly grown grains and were used to make bread, porridge, and beer.

These grains were well-suited to the Mediterranean climate and could grow in rocky soil with little water. The Greeks also grew millet and oats but on a smaller scale.


Fruit trees such as figs, olives, and pomegranates were also an essential part of Ancient Greek agriculture. Figs were especially popular due to their versatility – they could be eaten fresh or dried, used in cooking or even made into wine. Olives were another significant crop that was used for cooking oil as well as in religious ceremonies.


Vegetables like beans, onions, garlic, leeks, and lentils were commonly grown by Ancient Greeks. These vegetables provided a vital source of protein for those who could not afford meat. Cabbage and lettuce were also grown but not as frequently.


Nuts such as almonds, pine nuts, and walnuts were popular snacks among Ancient Greeks. They also used them in baking pastries like baklava.

The Importance Of Agriculture In Ancient Greece

Agriculture played a crucial role in Ancient Greek society with agriculture being one of their main sources of income. Farmers would often sell their surplus crops at local markets or trade them with other cities around the Mediterranean. The Greeks also used agriculture as a way of paying taxes to the state, with farmers giving a portion of their crops to the government.


In conclusion, Ancient Greeks grew a wide variety of crops that formed the foundation of their diet and economy. From grains to fruits, vegetables, and nuts, they had access to a diverse range of produce that could thrive in their Mediterranean climate. Agriculture was an integral part of their culture and played a significant role in shaping Ancient Greek society.