What Kind of Houses Did Ancient Greece Have?

Ancient Greece is well-known for its impressive architecture and iconic structures like the Parthenon and the Acropolis. But what kind of houses did the ancient Greeks live in? Let’s take a closer look at the different types of homes that were common in ancient Greece.

City Houses

In ancient Greece, city houses were typically small and built close together in order to maximize space. These houses were often made of mud bricks with tiled roofs, although wealthier citizens might have had homes made of stone or marble. City houses were usually two or three stories tall and had narrow staircases leading up to the upper floors.

Atrium Houses

Atrium houses were common in ancient Greece and were characterized by a central courtyard that was open to the sky. This courtyard was surrounded by rooms on all sides, which served as living quarters for the family. The atrium was often decorated with plants and fountains, which provided a cool respite from the heat of the Mediterranean sun.

Stoa Houses

Stoa houses were similar to atrium houses but had an additional feature: a stoa, or covered walkway, that ran along one side of the central courtyard. The stoa provided shade and protection from the elements and was often used as a place to entertain guests.

Rural Houses

In rural areas, houses tended to be larger than their urban counterparts and were often made of stone or mud bricks with thatched roofs. These homes were typically single-story buildings with a central hearth for cooking and heating. Wealthier landowners might have had multiple buildings on their property, including barns, workshops, and storage sheds.


Farmhouses in ancient Greece were simple structures designed for practicality. They often consisted of just one or two rooms with earthen floors and thatched roofs. Farmhouses were usually located near the fields where the crops were grown, and often had a large garden or orchard attached.

Manor Houses

Manor houses were the homes of wealthy landowners in ancient Greece. These homes were typically large and luxurious, with multiple stories and plenty of space for entertaining guests. Manor houses often had elaborate gardens and courtyards, as well as outbuildings for storing wine, olive oil, and other goods produced on the estate.


In conclusion, the type of house a person lived in in ancient Greece depended largely on their social status and location. City houses were small and compact, while rural houses tended to be larger and more practical.

Wealthy citizens might have lived in grand manor houses with extensive gardens and courtyards. Despite their differences, all of these homes shared a common feature: they were designed to provide shelter from the elements while also reflecting the culture and values of ancient Greek society.