What Kind of Industry Did Ancient Greece Have?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history, culture, and mythology. But what about its industry?

What kind of industries did the ancient Greeks have? In this article, we’ll explore the various industries that thrived in ancient Greece.


Agriculture was the backbone of ancient Greek industry. The Greeks were skilled farmers and grew a variety of crops such as wheat, barley, olives, and grapes.

They also raised livestock like sheep and goats. Agriculture played a vital role in the economy of ancient Greece.

Olive Oil Production

Olive oil was a valuable commodity in ancient Greece. It was used for cooking, lighting lamps, and as a fuel for lamps.

Olive trees were grown extensively throughout Greece, especially in Attica and the Peloponnese regions. The olives were harvested by hand or by beating the trees with sticks. The olives were then crushed using stone presses to extract the oil.

Wine Production

Wine was another important product of ancient Greek agriculture. Grapes were grown extensively throughout Greece, and wine was produced on a large scale. The Greeks believed that wine had medicinal properties and it was also used in religious ceremonies.


Apart from agriculture, manufacturing also played an important role in ancient Greek industry.


Pottery was one of the most significant industries in ancient Greece. Greek pottery was popular all over the Mediterranean world because of its quality and beauty. The Greeks produced different types of pottery like amphorae (used for storing liquids), kraters (used for mixing wine and water), plates, cups, etc.


The Greeks were skilled weavers and produced textiles like linen and woolen fabrics. These fabrics were used to make clothes for everyday use as well as for special occasions.


Mining was another important industry in ancient Greece. The Greeks mined various metals like gold, silver, and bronze. The mines were mostly located in the Attica and Laurion regions.


In conclusion, ancient Greece had a diverse range of industries that contributed significantly to its economy. From agriculture to manufacturing and mining, the Greeks were skilled in various industries. These industries not only provided employment opportunities but also contributed to the cultural and artistic richness of ancient Greece.