What Kind of Pottery Was Found in Ancient Times?

Pottery has been an integral part of human civilization for thousands of years. The earliest known pottery dates back to around 20,000 BCE and was found in China. Pottery has been used for various purposes such as storing food, cooking, and even as a form of art.

There are various types of pottery that have been found in ancient times. Let’s take a closer look at some of them:


Earthenware is one of the oldest types of pottery. It is made from clay that is fired at a low temperature.

Earthenware is porous and hence not suitable for holding liquids. It was used for making simple household items like bowls, plates, and cups.


Terracotta is a type of earthenware that is fired at a higher temperature than regular earthenware. This makes it less porous and more suitable for holding liquids. Terracotta was used to make water storage containers like pots and jars.


Stoneware is made from clay that is fired at an even higher temperature than terracotta. This makes it very hard and durable. Stoneware was used to make items like cooking pots, storage jars, and even sculptures.


Porcelain is a type of ceramic that is made from fine clay that is fired at an extremely high temperature. Porcelain is translucent when held up to light and has a smooth texture. It was used to make decorative items like vases, figurines, and dinnerware.


Amphoras were large ceramic vessels with two handles on either side used for storing wine or oil in ancient Greece and Rome.


Majolica pottery originated in Spain during the 16th century and was later produced in Italy, France, and Mexico. It is known for its bright colors and intricate designs.

Anasazi Pottery

Anasazi pottery was made by the Anasazi people who lived in the American Southwest from around 200 BCE to 1300 CE. It is known for its geometric designs and was used for cooking, storage, and as a form of art.


Pottery has come a long way since it was first discovered thousands of years ago. From simple earthenware to intricate porcelain, pottery has been an important part of human civilization. The various types of pottery found in ancient times provide a glimpse into the cultures and traditions of our ancestors.