What Kind of Tools Did Ancient Greece Use?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history, culture, and contributions to the world of philosophy, art, architecture, and science. One of the most fascinating aspects of Ancient Greece is their use of tools and technology. In this article, we will explore the various tools that Ancient Greeks used in their daily lives.

Tools for Agriculture

Farming was one of the most important occupations in Ancient Greece. The Greeks used a variety of tools to help them cultivate crops and tend to their livestock. Some of the most commonly used agricultural tools were:

  • Plow: The plow was an essential tool for farmers. It was used to break up the soil and prepare it for planting.
  • Sickle: The sickle was used to harvest crops such as wheat and barley.
  • Ax: Farmers used axes to clear land and cut down trees.
  • Hoe: Hoes were used to weed gardens and vegetable patches.

Tools for Warfare

Warfare played a significant role in Ancient Greek society. The Greeks were known for their military prowess, which allowed them to conquer neighboring territories and establish colonies across the Mediterranean. Some of the most commonly used weapons during this time were:

  • Spear: The spear was one of the most important weapons in Ancient Greece. It was a long pole with a pointed tip that could be thrown or thrust at an enemy.
  • Sword: Swords were also commonly used by Greek soldiers.

    They were shorter than spears but could be wielded more easily in close combat.

  • Bow and arrow: Archers played an important role in Ancient Greek warfare. They used bows and arrows to attack enemy soldiers from a distance.
  • Shield: The shield was an essential tool for any Greek soldier. It protected them from enemy attacks and allowed them to advance towards the enemy lines.

Tools for Artisans

Artisans played a significant role in Ancient Greek society. They were responsible for creating some of the most beautiful and intricate works of art, jewelry, and pottery. Some of the most commonly used tools by artisans were:

  • Chisel: Chisels were used to carve stone or wood into various shapes and designs.
  • Potter’s wheel: The potter’s wheel was used to shape clay into various shapes that could be fired and glazed later on.
  • Hammer: Hammers were used by blacksmiths to shape metal into various forms such as swords, armor, or tools.
  • Saw: Saws were used to cut wood into various shapes and sizes for furniture making or construction purposes.

Tools for Navigation

The Greeks were also known for their seafaring abilities. They established colonies across the Mediterranean and traded with other civilizations such as the Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Romans. Some of the most commonly used tools for navigation during this time were:

  • Sextant: The sextant was used by sailors to measure angles between celestial objects such as stars or planets to determine their position at sea.
  • Astrolabe: The astrolabe was another tool that was used to determine a ship’s position at sea using the stars and other celestial objects.
  • Compass: The compass was a relatively new invention during this time, but it quickly became an essential tool for navigators. It allowed them to determine their direction of travel more accurately.


The tools that Ancient Greeks used may seem primitive compared to modern technology, but they were still incredibly effective. The Greeks were able to accomplish great feats of engineering, warfare, and art using only the tools that were available to them. These tools played a significant role in shaping Ancient Greek society and culture, and their legacy can still be seen today in the fields of agriculture, engineering, and art.