What Natural Resources Did Ancient Greece Have?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history, culture, and innovations that have left a lasting impact on the world. One aspect that contributed to the growth of this civilization was its natural resources. Here’s a look at what natural resources Ancient Greece had:


The geography of Ancient Greece was diverse, with high mountains, deep valleys, and a long coastline. This led to the availability of various natural resources.


Ancient Greece had vast forests that provided timber for building ships, houses, and making furniture. The most common trees found in these forests were oak, pine, cypress, and beech.

Agricultural Land

The fertile land of Ancient Greece was conducive to farming. The Greeks grew crops such as wheat, barley, olives, grapes, and figs. These crops not only provided food but also raw materials for industries such as wine-making and oil production.


Apart from land-based resources, Ancient Greece was also rich in minerals.

Silver and Lead

The mines in Laurion were famous for their silver and lead deposits. The silver extracted from these mines was used to mint coins that became a medium of exchange in the region.


Greece is renowned for its marble quarries that produced high-quality marble used in construction works such as temples and public buildings.

Sea Resources

Being surrounded by water on three sides made the sea an essential resource for Ancient Greeks.


Fisheries were an important source of food for Ancient Greeks who lived near the coastline. They consumed fish such as sardines, anchovies, tuna, and swordfish.

Seafaring Trade

The Greeks built ships and sailed the seas to trade with other civilizations. The most famous was the Phoenician trade that brought in exotic goods such as spices, ivory, and precious stones.


Ancient Greece had a rich variety of natural resources that contributed to its growth and prosperity. Its fertile land, abundant forests, mineral deposits, and access to the sea made it a dominant civilization in its time.