What Resources Did Ancient Greece Have?

Ancient Greece is renowned for its contributions to philosophy, art, architecture, and politics. However, the civilization was also home to a range of resources that played a significant role in shaping its economy and society. In this article, we’ll take a look at some of the key resources that Ancient Greece had at its disposal.


One of the most significant factors that shaped Ancient Greece’s resources was its geography. Greece is a peninsula surrounded by water on three sides, with numerous islands dotting the Aegean and Ionian Seas. The terrain is predominantly mountainous, making it challenging to cultivate crops or raise livestock.


Despite the challenging terrain, Ancient Greeks managed to develop an agricultural system that sustained their population. They grew crops such as wheat, barley, olives, and grapes on terraced hillsides. These crops were used for food and drink production as well as for trade.


Greece was also rich in minerals such as silver, gold, lead, and iron. Silver was particularly abundant in Athens’ mines and became a valuable resource for trade and currency.

Sea Power

Another significant resource that Ancient Greeks had at their disposal was their mastery of the sea. With access to three sides of water bodies surrounding them, they developed expertise in shipbuilding and seafaring.


The abundance of fish in the waters surrounding Greece provided food for its inhabitants as well as an opportunity for trade with other civilizations.


The sea also allowed Ancient Greeks to engage in maritime trade with other civilizations around the Mediterranean Sea. They exported goods such as olive oil, wine, pottery, textiles while importing luxury items like spices and perfumes.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece had a range of resources that enabled its civilization to thrive despite the challenging terrain. The geography of Greece, its agricultural system, minerals, and sea power were all integral to the Ancient Greeks’ economy and society. Understanding these resources is essential to appreciate Ancient Greece’s legacy and contributions to the world.