What Stone Was Used in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is renowned for its magnificent stone architecture. From the Parthenon to the Temple of Olympian Zeus, Greek architects used various types of stones to create some of the most remarkable structures in history.

So, what stone was used in Ancient Greece? Let’s explore.


Marble was one of the most popular stones used in Ancient Greece. It’s a metamorphic rock that’s formed from limestone and has a unique crystalline structure that gives it a distinct appearance. Greek sculptors used marble to create beautiful statues such as the Venus de Milo and the Winged Victory of Samothrace.

Paros Marble:

Paros marble, found on the island of Paros, was highly valued due to its pure white color and fine grain texture. It was used extensively in Ancient Greece for sculpting and building construction. The Temple of Apollo on Delos Island is an excellent example of Parian marble use.

Pentelic Marble:

Pentelic marble, quarried from Mount Pentelicus near Athens, was another popular stone used by Greeks. Its light color and fine grain texture made it ideal for building construction. The famous Parthenon temple is made entirely out of Pentelic marble.


Limestone was another commonly used stone in ancient Greece. It’s a sedimentary rock that’s composed mainly of calcium carbonate and was readily available in various parts of Greece.

Poros Limestone:

Poros limestone, found on Poros Island, was widely used for building construction due to its durability and resistance to weathering. The Temple of Poseidon at Sounion is an excellent example of Poros limestone use.


Travertine is a type of limestone formed by mineral springs, and it was used in Ancient Greece for building construction.

Tinos Travertine:

Tinos travertine, quarried on Tinos Island, was used for several Ancient Greek structures, including the Temple of Poseidon at Sounion and the Temple of Hephaestus in Athens.


In conclusion, Ancient Greeks used different types of stones for construction and sculpting purposes. Marble, limestone, and travertine were among the most commonly used stones.

Each stone had unique properties that made it suitable for different purposes. The use of these stones in various Greek structures is a testament to the skill and creativity of Greek architects and artists.