What Subject Is Ancient Civilization?

Ancient civilization is a subject that focuses on the study of human societies and cultures that existed in the past. It covers a vast array of topics, ranging from the earliest civilizations that emerged in Mesopotamia and Egypt to the ancient Greeks and Romans, and beyond. This subject is interdisciplinary in nature, drawing upon fields such as archaeology, anthropology, history, art history, and literature.

What is Ancient Civilization?

Ancient civilization is a term used to describe the societies of people who lived in various parts of the world in the distant past. These civilizations are characterized by their unique cultural practices, social structures, economic systems, religious beliefs, and political organizations.

Ancient Civilizations Across the Globe

The study of ancient civilization encompasses various societies across different regions. In Africa, we have ancient Egyptian civilization that developed along the Nile River around 3000 BCE.

In Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq), we have Sumerian civilization that emerged around 4000 BCE followed by Babylonian and Assyrian civilizations. The Indus Valley Civilization in present-day Pakistan and India flourished between 2600 BCE and 1900 BCE.

In Asia, China’s Yellow River Valley Civilization developed around 2000 BCE while Japan’s Jomon period dates back to around 14,000 BCE.

In Europe, we have ancient Greek civilization that flourished from around 800 BCE to 31 BCE followed by Roman civilization which lasted from around 753 BC to AD 476.

In South America, we have pre-Columbian civilizations such as Inca civilization (Peru), Maya civilization (Central America), and Aztec civilization (Mexico).

Why Study Ancient Civilization?

The study of ancient civilization is important for several reasons. Firstly it allows us to understand how past societies functioned economically, socially, politically or religiously.

Secondly, it helps us understand how those past societies have impacted our current society. Thirdly, it provides us with insight into the evolution of human culture, art, and language.


In conclusion, ancient civilization is an important subject that offers us a glimpse into the past. It provides invaluable insight into how past societies functioned and evolved over time.

The use of archaeological evidence and historical records is crucial in reconstructing ancient societies and their cultures. The study of ancient civilization is therefore not only informative but also fascinating.