What Times Were the Ancient Times?

Have you ever wondered what people mean when they say “ancient times”? It’s a term that gets thrown around a lot, but it’s not always clear what time period it actually refers to. In this article, we’ll explore what times were considered ancient and why they’re so important to our understanding of history.

Defining Ancient Times

When we talk about ancient times, we’re generally referring to the period of human history before the Middle Ages. This encompasses a wide range of civilizations and cultures from all over the world, including:

  • The ancient Egyptians, who built pyramids and developed hieroglyphics
  • The Greeks, who made significant contributions to philosophy, mathematics, and science
  • The Romans, who created one of the largest empires in history
  • The Chinese dynasties, which spanned thousands of years and saw incredible advancements in art, culture, and technology

This is by no means an exhaustive list – there are countless other civilizations that could be considered part of ancient times. However, these examples give us a sense of just how far back in history we’re talking about when we use this term.

Why Study Ancient Times?

You might be wondering why anyone would bother studying such old history. After all, it can seem like something that has little relevance to our modern lives. However, there are many reasons why understanding ancient times is crucial to understanding the world we live in today.

For one thing, many of the ideas and inventions that were developed during this time period continue to influence our lives today. From democracy (which was first implemented by the Greeks) to paper (which was invented by the Chinese), these innovations have had a profound impact on human society.

Additionally, studying ancient times gives us a sense of perspective on our own lives. It’s easy to get caught up in the day-to-day struggles of our own time, but looking back at the challenges and triumphs of past civilizations can help us see the bigger picture.

Challenges in Studying Ancient Times

Of course, studying ancient times is not without its challenges. For one thing, many of the primary sources from this time period have been lost or destroyed over the centuries. This means that we often have to rely on secondary sources (such as historical accounts written long after the fact) to piece together what happened.

Additionally, there are often language barriers to contend with. Many ancient texts were written in languages that are no longer spoken today, which can make them difficult to translate and understand.

Despite these challenges, however, there is still much that we can learn from studying ancient times. By piecing together fragments of history and analyzing cultural artifacts, we can gain a deeper understanding of what life was like for our ancestors – and by extension, what it means to be human.


In conclusion, when people talk about “ancient times,” they’re generally referring to the period of human history before the Middle Ages. This encompasses a wide range of civilizations and cultures from all over the world and includes many important innovations that continue to influence our lives today. While studying ancient times can be challenging due to language barriers and lost primary sources, it is still an important endeavor that helps us better understand ourselves and our place in history.