What Transport Was Popular in Ancient Times?

Transportation has been a crucial aspect of human civilization since ancient times. Our early ancestors had to travel far and wide in search of food, shelter, and other resources. In this article, we will explore the various modes of transport that were popular in ancient times.

Walking and Running

The oldest and most fundamental mode of transport is walking or running. Humans have been walking for over 6 million years and it remains the most popular mode of transport even today.

In ancient times, people used to walk long distances in search of food, water, and shelter. Running was also used as a means of hunting prey.

Animal Transport

Animals have been domesticated by humans for thousands of years to serve as a means of transport. Horses, donkeys, camels, and elephants were commonly used in ancient times. These animals were strong enough to carry people and goods over long distances.


Horses were one of the most common animals used for transportation in ancient times. They were fast and could cover long distances quickly. Horses were also used in battles as cavalry.


Donkeys were commonly used for transportation because they could carry heavy loads over rough terrain. They were also cheaper than horses.


Camels were commonly used in desert regions because they could go without water for several days. They could carry heavy loads over long distances through the harsh desert terrain.


Elephants were commonly used in Asia for transportation because they could carry heavy loads and navigate through dense forests easily. They were also used in battles as war elephants.

Water Transport

Water transport has always been an essential means of transportation for humans since rivers, lakes, and oceans provide easy access to different parts of the world. In ancient times, people used boats and ships to travel long distances over water.


Boats were the earliest form of water transport used by humans. They were made of wood, reeds, or animal skins and could be propelled by paddles or sails. Boats were commonly used for fishing and transportation along rivers.


Ships were larger than boats and could sail across oceans. They were made of wood or iron and powered by sails or oars. Ships were commonly used for trade, exploration, and war.


In conclusion, humans have always been innovative in finding ways to travel long distances. From walking to riding on animals to sailing across oceans, transportation has come a long way since ancient times. Today, we have access to various modes of transport like cars, trains, airplanes, and ships that make traveling faster and easier than ever before.