Sumer civilization, also known as the Sumerian civilization, was one of the earliest civilizations in human history. It existed in Mesopotamia, which is now Iraq, from around 4000 BC to around 2000 BC. This civilization was known for its advanced urbanization, agriculture, and invention of writing.
The Type of Ancient Civilizations That Sumer Belonged To
Sumer civilization belonged to the category of ancient civilizations that emerged in the prehistoric era. These civilizations were characterized by their ability to develop advanced technologies and establish complex political and social structures.
Prehistoric civilizations refer to those ancient civilizations that existed before written records were kept. These civilizations relied heavily on oral traditions and archaeological findings for their documentation. Examples of prehistoric civilizations include the Indus Valley Civilization (3300–1300 BC), Minoan Civilization (2700–1450 BC), and Norte Chico Civilization (3500–1800 BC).
Bronze Age Civilizations
Bronze Age civilizations refer to those ancient civilizations that existed during the Bronze Age, which lasted from around 3300 BC to 1200 BC. During this period, bronze replaced stone as the primary material for making tools and weapons. Examples of Bronze Age civilizations include the Egyptian Civilization (3150–30 BC), Babylonian Civilization (1894–539 BC), and Mycenaean Civilization (1600–1100 BC).
Mesopotamian civilizations refer to those ancient civilizations that emerged in the region known as Mesopotamia, which is now Iraq. These civilizations developed advanced technologies such as irrigation systems, writing systems, and wheel-based transportation. Examples of Mesopotamian civilizations include the Sumerian Civilization (4000–2000 BC), Akkadian Empire (2334–2154 BC), and Assyrian Empire (1365–609 BC).
In conclusion, Sumer civilization belonged to the category of ancient civilizations that emerged in the prehistoric era and the Mesopotamian region. Understanding the type of ancient civilization that Sumer belonged to helps us better appreciate its contributions to human history.