What Type of Civilization Was Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece was a civilization that emerged in the Mediterranean around 800 BCE. It is widely regarded as one of the most influential civilizations in history, having made significant contributions to philosophy, art, literature, politics and science.

Geography and Society

Greece was a highly fragmented civilization with a complex geography. The country is made up of a mountainous mainland and numerous islands which were home to many small city-states such as Athens, Sparta, Corinth, and Thebes. These city-states were fiercely independent and often at war with each other.

The Greeks were also known for their strong sense of community. They believed in the importance of public service and civic duty. This led to the development of democracy in Athens, where citizens had a say in how their city was run.

Art and Architecture

Greek art and architecture is renowned for its beauty and sophistication. This can be seen in the magnificent temples such as the Parthenon in Athens, which was built to honor the goddess Athena. Greek sculpture was also highly prized for its realism and attention to detail.


Greek sculpture was focused mainly on human forms. The Greeks believed that beauty was an important aspect of life and sought to create sculptures that were both realistic and idealized.

One famous example of Greek sculpture is the statue of David by Michelangelo. This statue depicts David as a strong, powerful figure with perfect proportions.


Greek architecture was characterized by its use of columns, pediments (triangular gables), friezes (decorative bands), and other ornamental elements. The most famous example of Greek architecture is the Parthenon in Athens.


The Greeks were also known for their contributions to philosophy. Some of the most famous Greek philosophers include Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.

Philosophy was an important part of Greek life. The Greeks believed in the importance of reason and logic in understanding the world around them. They also believed in the importance of questioning assumptions and seeking knowledge.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece was a civilization that made significant contributions to art, architecture, philosophy, politics, and science. Its legacy can still be seen today in many aspects of modern life. From the Olympic Games to our system of government, the Greeks continue to influence us in countless ways.