What Type of Houses Did Ancient Greece Have?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history, culture, and architecture. The Greeks built various types of structures, including temples, theaters, and houses. In this article, we will explore the different types of houses that people in ancient Greece lived in.

Ancient Greek Houses

Ancient Greek houses were built using local materials such as stone, clay, and wood. The design and structure of these houses varied depending on the region of Greece they were located in.

Athenian Houses

Athenian houses were typically built around a central courtyard or garden. These homes had several rooms that opened up to the courtyard. The most important room was the Andron – a room where men entertained their guests.

Spartan Houses

Spartan houses were spartan in design. They were small and simple with few luxuries.

Spartan homes did not have any decorations or artwork on display. These homes were designed to be functional rather than aesthetically pleasing.

Thessalian Houses

The Thessalian style of house was similar to Athenian homes but with some differences. Thessalian houses had a square plan with a central courtyard surrounded by rooms on all four sides.

The Features of Ancient Greek Houses

Despite the differences in design between regions, there are some features that are common to all ancient Greek homes.

  • Walls: Walls were made from locally available materials such as stone or clay.
  • Roofs: Roofs were made from terracotta tiles or thatched grass.
  • Windows: Windows were small and placed high up on walls to provide ventilation while maintaining privacy.
  • Doors: Doors were made from wood and had a single panel or double doors that opened outwards.
  • Floors: Floors were made from packed earth or stone.

The Importance of Ancient Greek Houses

Ancient Greek houses were not just places to live in, they were also an important part of Greek culture. Houses were often used as a place for socializing and entertaining guests.

The layout of the house was designed to reflect the social hierarchy of the family living in it. The Andron in Athenian homes was an important room where men would entertain their guests, while women and children would remain in other parts of the house.

In conclusion, ancient Greek houses were built using local materials and varied in design depending on the region they were located in. Despite these differences, there are some common features such as walls made from local materials, small windows placed high up on walls for ventilation, doors made from wood, and floors made from packed earth or stone. These houses played an important role not just as a place to live but also as a reflection of the social hierarchy and culture of ancient Greece.