What Type of Meal Was Jesus Sharing With His Disciples?

When it comes to the last supper, there is much debate about what type of meal Jesus was sharing with his disciples. Some argue that it was a Passover meal, while others believe it was just a typical Jewish meal. Let’s dive deeper into the details and explore what we know about this historic event.

What Was The Last Supper?

The last supper was the final meal that Jesus shared with his disciples before his crucifixion. It is a significant event in Christian history as it is believed to be when Jesus instituted the sacrament of communion. During this meal, Jesus broke bread and shared wine with his disciples, telling them that the bread was his body and the wine was his blood.

Passover Meal

Many scholars believe that the last supper was actually a Passover meal. This makes sense as Passover is a significant Jewish holiday that commemorates the liberation of Israelites from slavery in Egypt.

During this holiday, Jews eat unleavened bread and drink four cups of wine. The parallels between the events of Passover and Jesus’ crucifixion are also striking.

Unleavened Bread

The fact that Jesus broke bread during the last supper is significant as during Passover, Jews eat unleavened bread, also known as matzo. This bread is made without yeast and symbolizes how quickly the Israelites had to leave Egypt during their exodus.


As mentioned earlier, during Passover, Jews drink four cups of wine. It’s worth noting that during the last supper, Jesus only shared one cup of wine with his disciples.

Jewish Meal

Others argue that the last supper wasn’t a Passover meal but rather a typical Jewish meal. During this time, it was common for Jewish people to gather and share meals together.


We don’t know exactly what type of food was served during the last supper, but we do know that bread and wine were present. It’s possible that other foods were served as well.


The setting of the last supper is also significant. According to the Bible, it took place in an upper room, which was likely a private dining area. This suggests that it was a more intimate gathering rather than a public event.


In conclusion, while there is much debate about what type of meal Jesus was sharing with his disciples during the last supper, it’s clear that this event holds significant importance in Christian history. Whether it was a Passover meal or a typical Jewish meal, it’s clear that Jesus used this opportunity to teach his disciples important lessons about faith and sacrifice.