What Types of Artifacts Are in the Museum of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history and cultural heritage, which is preserved in various museums across the world. The Museum of Ancient Greece is one such museum that houses a vast collection of artifacts that offer a glimpse into the life and times of ancient Greeks.

The Collection

The Museum of Ancient Greece has an extensive collection of artifacts that spans over several centuries. These artifacts are categorized into various sections based on their historical significance and origin. Some of the prominent categories include:


Ancient Greek sculptures are renowned for their intricate details and realism. The museum has an impressive collection of sculptures, ranging from small figurines to large marble statues. These sculptures depict various gods, heroes, and mythological creatures that were an integral part of ancient Greek culture.


Pottery was an essential aspect of ancient Greek life, serving both practical and decorative purposes. The museum has a vast collection of pottery items, including amphorae, kraters, and vases that were used for storing food and liquids.


The ancient Greeks were skilled in the art of jewelry-making, using precious metals like gold and silver to create intricate pieces. The museum houses a wide range of jewelry items like necklaces, bracelets, earrings, and brooches that showcase the craftsmanship of ancient Greek artisans.


Coins played a vital role in ancient Greek commerce and trade. The museum has an impressive collection of coins from different periods in ancient Greek history that offer insight into the economic practices of the time.

Highlights of the Collection

While every artifact in the Museum of Ancient Greece is unique and significant in its own way, some items stand out as highlights:

The Parthenon Sculptures

The Parthenon sculptures are perhaps the most famous artifacts in the museum. These intricate marble sculptures adorned the Parthenon temple on the Acropolis in Athens and depict various scenes from Greek mythology.

The Mask of Agamemnon

The Mask of Agamemnon is a gold funeral mask that is believed to have belonged to the ancient Greek king, Agamemnon. This iconic artifact is one of the most recognizable symbols of ancient Greece.

The Antikythera Mechanism

The Antikythera Mechanism is an ancient Greek astronomical device that was used to track celestial movements. This intricate mechanism is considered one of the world’s first analog computers and offers a glimpse into the advanced scientific knowledge of ancient Greeks.


The Museum of Ancient Greece is a treasure trove of artifacts that offers a glimpse into one of history’s most fascinating civilizations. From sculptures to jewelry, pottery, and coins, every artifact in this museum tells a unique story about ancient Greek life and culture.