In ancient Greece, there were various types of houses that people lived in. These houses were built based on the social status and financial capability of the owner. Let’s explore these different types of houses in more detail.
Ancient Greek Housing
1. The Poor Houses: The poor people in ancient Greece lived in small houses made up of mud bricks with a thatched roof.
These houses usually had only one room, which served as a bedroom, living room, and kitchen. They had no windows, and the only source of light and ventilation was through the door.
2. The Middle-Class Houses: The middle-class Greeks lived in slightly bigger houses compared to the poor people.
These houses were made up of more durable materials like stone or sun-dried bricks with tiled roofs. They usually had two rooms – one for living and sleeping, and the other for cooking and storage.
3. The Rich Houses: The rich Greeks lived in large houses made up of expensive materials like marble or limestone with tiled roofs.
These houses were multi-storied with spacious rooms for various purposes like dining, entertainment, sleeping, and storage. They also had indoor plumbing systems like toilets, baths, and fountains.
Greek housing was heavily influenced by their architecture style which was characterized by simplicity, balance, and symmetry. Most Greek homes were designed around an open courtyard called an ‘atrium’ which served as a focal point for all activities within the house.
The walls of these homes were often adorned with beautiful frescoes depicting scenes from mythology or nature. Greek architects also used columns extensively to support the roof structures of their homes.
The furniture used in ancient Greek homes was simple but elegant. Most furniture was made up of wood or bronze with intricate carvings depicting various mythological figures. Common furniture included couches, chairs, tables, and storage chests.
In conclusion, ancient Greek housing varied greatly based on the social status and financial capability of the owner. From simple mud-brick houses to grand marble mansions, Greek housing was a reflection of their architectural and artistic prowess.