What Was a Major Impact of Ancient Greece on Western Civilization?

Ancient Greece is one of the most influential civilizations in the history of Western civilization. The impact of Ancient Greece on modern society can be seen in various fields like art, literature, philosophy, politics, and more. In this article, we will explore some of the major impacts that Ancient Greece had on Western civilization.

Art and Architecture

The ancient Greeks were known for their remarkable achievements in art and architecture. Their art was characterized by realism and idealism, which can be seen in their sculptures and paintings.

The Greeks were also famous for their architectural designs like the Parthenon, which is still considered as a masterpiece of Greek architecture. Their artistic achievements have inspired artists all over the world to this day.


The Greeks were also known for their philosophical ideas that have influenced Western thinking to a great extent. The philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle have contributed significantly to the development of philosophical thought in Western civilization. Their ideas about ethics, politics, metaphysics, and epistemology are still studied and debated today.


The ancient Greeks were known for their epic poems like Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey which are still considered as some of the greatest works of literature ever written. Greek tragedy and comedy also influenced Western literature with plays by playwrights like Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes still being performed today.


Ancient Greece was also a hub for scientific discoveries that have influenced modern science greatly. Famous scientists like Archimedes contributed to mathematics while Hippocrates made significant contributions to medicine. The Greeks also made important discoveries in astronomy that laid the foundation for modern astronomy.


The ancient Greeks were pioneers in developing democratic government systems which has had a lasting impact on Western civilization’s political thought. They were the first to develop a system of government where people had a say in how they were governed, which has influenced modern democracies worldwide.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece has had a significant impact on Western civilization. From art and architecture to philosophy, literature, science, and politics, their achievements have influenced and shaped Western civilization to what it is today. Their ideas have been passed down through generations and are still studied and celebrated today.