What Was a Woman’s Role in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, the role of women was highly restricted and limited to certain activities. Women were considered inferior to men and were not allowed to participate in public life or decision-making processes.

Their lives centered around their homes and families. Let’s explore the role of women in Ancient Greece.

Family Life

Women in ancient Greece were expected to marry and have children. A woman’s main role was to manage the household and take care of her family.

She was responsible for cooking, cleaning, weaving, and other domestic duties. Women were also expected to raise their children and teach them important values.


Women in ancient Greece did not receive formal education like men did. They were taught basic skills like reading, writing, and domestic work by their mothers or female slaves. Women from wealthy families could receive some education from private tutors but this was rare.


Marriage was considered a vital part of a woman’s life in ancient Greece. Girls as young as 14 years old were betrothed to men who were often much older than them. Marriages were arranged by the parents of the bride and groom, with little say from the bride herself.


Divorce was not common in ancient Greece and was frowned upon by society. If a couple decided to divorce, it was usually initiated by the husband who would then take custody of any children.


Religion played an important role in the lives of Greek women. They often participated in religious ceremonies and festivals but only as spectators or participants in certain rituals.


There were a few exceptions to these strict gender roles in ancient Greece. Women from wealthy families could sometimes inherit property or even run businesses if they had no male heirs. There were also a few women who gained fame as poets, philosophers, or priestesses.


In conclusion, women in ancient Greece had very limited roles and were expected to conform to strict gender norms. Their lives revolved around their husbands and families, with little opportunity for education or public participation. While there were some exceptions to these roles, they were few and far between.