What Was an Important Economic Development in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is known as the birthplace of Western civilization, and its economic development played a crucial role in shaping the world as we know it today. One of the most important economic developments in ancient Greece was the emergence of trade and commerce.

The Emergence of Trade and Commerce

In ancient Greece, trade and commerce were vital to the economy, as they allowed people to obtain goods that were not available locally. The Greeks traded with other civilizations around the Mediterranean, including Egypt, Persia, and Phoenicia. They also established colonies in other parts of the Mediterranean, such as southern Italy and Sicily.

The Role of Athens

Athens was one of the most important city-states in ancient Greece when it came to trade and commerce. The city-state had a large port called Piraeus, which was used for shipping goods to other parts of the Mediterranean. Athens also had a strong navy that protected its ships from piracy.

The Importance of Agriculture

Agriculture was another important aspect of the ancient Greek economy. The Greeks relied heavily on farming for food and other essential goods.

They used a variety of crops, including olives, grapes, figs, and wheat. Agriculture provided employment for many people in ancient Greece.

Mining and Metalworking

Mining was another significant economic activity in ancient Greece. The Greeks mined various metals such as silver, gold, copper, lead, and iron.

These metals were used for making jewelry, weapons, coins, and other objects. Metalworking was also an essential industry that produced many products used in everyday life.

  • Important Points to Remember:
  • Trade and commerce were vital to the ancient Greek economy.
  • Athens played a crucial role in trade with its large port.
  • Agriculture was significant for food and employment.
  • Mining and metalworking were important industries in ancient Greece.


In conclusion, the ancient Greeks were innovative and resourceful when it came to economic development. They relied on trade and commerce, agriculture, mining, and metalworking to sustain their economy. These economic activities played a significant role in the growth of ancient Greece and contributed to the development of Western civilization as a whole.