What Was Ancient Civilization Like?

Ancient civilization refers to the period of human history that predates the Middle Ages. This era is characterized by the development and deepening of human cultures across different regions of the world.

Ancient civilizations were known for their unique cultural practices, architectural designs, religious beliefs, and social structures. In this article, we will explore what ancient civilization was like.

Life in Ancient Civilization

Life in ancient civilization varied depending on where one lived and what time period they lived in. Generally, people lived in small communities or tribes and engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry as their primary means of sustenance. They used primitive tools made from stone, wood, or bone to hunt or farm.


The architecture of ancient civilizations was impressive and influential. The Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for their pharaohs while the Greeks built temples dedicated to their gods and goddesses. The Romans constructed grand public works such as aqueducts, roads, and amphitheaters.


Religion played a significant role in ancient civilization. Ancient people believed in multiple gods and goddesses who they thought controlled various aspects of life. They worshiped these deities through elaborate rituals that included animal sacrifices, offerings of food or drink, music, dance, and prayer.

Social Structure

Social structure varied widely among ancient civilizations. In some societies, there were rulers who held absolute power while others were subject to democratic processes. Slavery was also common in many ancient civilizations.

Ancient Civilization Around the World

  • Egyptian Civilization: One of the most well-known ancient civilizations that developed along the Nile River around 3000 BCE.
  • Greek Civilization: Known for their contributions to philosophy, literature, art, and architecture, the Greeks flourished between 800 BCE and 146 BCE.
  • Roman Civilization: The Romans were famous for their military conquests, infrastructure, and legal system. The Roman Empire lasted from 27 BCE to 476 CE.
  • Mayan Civilization: Flourishing between 2000 BCE and 900 CE in Central America, the Mayans developed a complex calendar system and made significant contributions to mathematics and astronomy.

The Legacy of Ancient Civilization

Despite the decline or disappearance of many ancient civilizations, their legacies continue to influence modern society. For example, the Greeks’ ideas about democracy, philosophy, and literature have shaped Western civilization. The Romans’ legal system is still used today while their language continues to influence English vocabulary.


In conclusion, ancient civilization was characterized by unique cultural practices, architectural designs, religious beliefs, and social structures. These civilizations have left an enduring legacy that continues to shape our world today.