What Was Ancient Greece Called?

Ancient Greece is an iconic civilization that has left a permanent mark on the world. But have you ever wondered what it was called during its time? Let’s dig into the history books and find out.

What Was Ancient Greece Called?

The term “Ancient Greece” refers to a period of Greek history that lasted from the archaic period of the 8th century BC to the end of antiquity in the 6th century AD. However, during its time, Ancient Greece was not referred to as such.


The Greeks referred to their country as Hellas or Ellada. This name derived from one of their legendary ancestors, Hellen, who was said to be the father of all Greeks. The word “Hellas” was used in two ways: to refer to a small area in central Greece called Phthiotis and also as a general name for all Greek-speaking people.

Hellenic Republic

In modern times, Greece is officially known as the Hellenic Republic. This name is derived from “Hellas” and signifies that modern-day Greece is a continuation of Ancient Greek culture and traditions.

Ancient Greek City-States

In addition to “Hellas,” individual city-states had their own names. Athens, for example, was known as AthÄ“nai in Ancient Greek, while Sparta was called SpartÄ“.


In summary, Ancient Greece was not referred to as such during its time. Instead, it was known as Hellas or Ellada – a term that encompassed all Greek-speaking people. The legacy of this great civilization lives on today through modern-day Greece – officially known as the Hellenic Republic – and through its enduring impact on Western culture and philosophy.

  • Key Takeaways:
  • Ancient Greece was referred to as Hellas or Ellada during its time.
  • Individual city-states had their own names, such as Athens and Sparta.
  • Modern-day Greece is officially known as the Hellenic Republic.

So the next time you hear someone mention Ancient Greece, remember that its people knew it by a different name – Hellas.