What Was Ancient Greece Government Like?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history and culture that has influenced the entire world. It was a time of great achievements in art, philosophy, and science.

But what was Ancient Greece government like? Let’s take a closer look.


Ancient Greece was not a unified state, but rather a collection of independent city-states. Each city-state had its own government and laws. Some of the most famous city-states were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, and Thebes.


Athens is often considered the birthplace of democracy. In Athens, all citizens had the right to participate in the government by voting on laws and policies.

However, only free men who were born in Athens could be citizens. Women, slaves, and foreigners were not allowed to participate in the government.


Sparta was known for having a militaristic society. The government was headed by two kings who ruled together. There was also a council of elders who advised the kings and an assembly made up of all free men over the age of 30 who could vote on important matters.

The Role of Citizens

Citizens played an important role in Ancient Greek government. In Athens, citizens were expected to participate in the government by attending meetings and voting on laws and policies. In Sparta, citizens were expected to serve in the military from a young age.

The Importance of Law

Law played an important role in Ancient Greek government. Each city-state had its own set of laws that citizens were expected to follow. Breaking these laws could result in punishment ranging from fines to imprisonment or even death.

The Influence of Philosophy

Philosophy played an important role in shaping Ancient Greek government. The philosopher Plato believed that the ideal form of government was one ruled by philosopher-kings who had the wisdom to make just decisions. Aristotle believed that the best form of government was one that balanced the interests of all citizens.

The Legacy of Ancient Greece Government

The legacy of Ancient Greece government can still be seen in modern democracies around the world. The concept of citizens participating in the government and the importance of law are still fundamental principles in many democratic societies.

  • Conclusion: Ancient Greek government was a complex system that varied from city-state to city-state. However, certain principles such as citizen participation, law, and philosophy had a lasting impact on modern democracies.


  • Ancient History Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Ancient Greek Government.


  • Cartwright, M. (2013, March 14). https://www.worldhistory.org/article/502/ancient-greek-government/