What Was Argos Like in Ancient Greece?

If you’ve ever studied Ancient Greece, you may have heard of Argos. This ancient city-state was located in the northeastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula and was one of the oldest and most powerful cities in Greece. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what Argos was like during its heyday.

The Founding of Argos

According to myth, Argos was founded by the hero Perseus, son of Zeus and Danae. Perseus is said to have killed the Gorgon Medusa and used her head as a weapon to turn his enemies to stone. He then settled in the area that would become Argos.

Argos in Mythology

Argos features prominently in Greek mythology. It is said to be the birthplace of several legendary figures, including Perseus, as well as Io, who was turned into a cow by Zeus and forced to wander the earth until she eventually settled in Egypt.

Another famous myth involving Argos is that of the Golden Fleece. The king of Colchis had a valuable golden fleece that Jason and his crew from Iolcus sought to obtain. After many trials and tribulations, they eventually succeeded with the help of Medea.

The City-State

Argos was one of several city-states in ancient Greece. Like other city-states such as Athens and Sparta, it had its own government system and culture that set it apart from others.


Argos had a unique form of government known as a “timocracy.” This meant that citizens were classified based on their wealth rather than birth or military prowess. The wealthiest citizens held the most power in government.


Argives (as residents were called) were known for their love of music and poetry. They were also skilled horse breeders and were famous for their cavalry. In addition, Argos was home to several important festivals, including the Heraia, which celebrated the goddess Hera.

The Decline of Argos

Despite its early power and influence, Argos eventually declined in importance. The rise of Sparta and Athens as dominant city-states in the region meant that Argos was overshadowed by these more powerful neighbors.

The Peloponnesian War

Argos played a minor role in the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta. It initially sided with Athens but later switched sides to join Sparta. However, this did not help its fortunes and it continued to decline in power.


In conclusion, Argos was an important city-state in ancient Greece with a rich history and culture. Although it eventually declined in power, it remains an important part of Greek mythology and history.