What Was Armenia Called in Ancient Times?

Armenia, a small country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The country has been known by different names throughout history, and its name in ancient times was no exception. Let’s take a look at what Armenia was called in ancient times.


One of the earliest names for Armenia is Urartu. This name was used during the Iron Age, around the 9th century BC to the 6th century BC.

The Urartians were a powerful kingdom that ruled over an area that included parts of modern-day Turkey, Iran, and Armenia. The capital of Urartu was Tushpa (modern-day Van, Turkey), which was a major center for trade and commerce.


Another name for ancient Armenia is Hayasa-Azzi. This term was used during the Bronze Age, around the 16th century BC to the 12th century BC.

The Hayasa-Azzi were a confederation of tribes that lived in eastern Anatolia and northern Mesopotamia. They were known for their skill in metalworking and their military prowess.

Kingdom of Ararat

The Kingdom of Ararat is another name for ancient Armenia that was used during the late Bronze Age and early Iron Age, around the 13th century BC to the 6th century BC. The kingdom was centered around Mount Ararat, which is located in modern-day Turkey but has long been considered a symbol of Armenian identity.

Greater Armenia

The term Greater Armenia refers to the period when Armenia reached its greatest extent during ancient times. This occurred during the reign of Tigranes II (95-55 BC), who established an empire that stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to the Caspian Sea. This empire included parts of modern-day Armenia, Turkey, Iran, Syria, and Lebanon.


In conclusion, Armenia has been known by different names throughout history, reflecting the various kingdoms and empires that have ruled over the region. From Urartu to Greater Armenia, each name reflects a different period in Armenian history and culture. Understanding the historical names of Armenia is an important part of understanding the country’s rich heritage and identity.