What Was Before Ancient Greece?

Before the civilization of Ancient Greece emerged, the world was already home to several advanced civilizations. These civilizations, like Ancient Greece, had a significant impact on the development of human history and culture. In this article, we’ll explore what was before Ancient Greece.

The Mesopotamian Civilization

The Mesopotamian civilization is one of the oldest known civilizations in the world. It emerged in present-day Iraq around 4000 BCE and lasted until around 539 BCE when it was conquered by the Persians.

The Mesopotamians were known for their advancements in agriculture, writing systems, and law. They created complex irrigation systems to support their agriculture and developed cuneiform writing, which is considered to be one of the first forms of written language.

The Egyptian Civilization

The Egyptian civilization emerged around 3150 BCE along the Nile River in present-day Egypt. The Egyptians were known for their advancements in architecture, art, and religion. They built massive pyramids as tombs for their pharaohs and developed a complex religious system that included gods like Ra, Osiris, and Isis.

The Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley civilization emerged around 3300 BCE in present-day India and Pakistan. This civilization was known for its sophisticated urban planning, including street grids and sewage systems. They also developed a form of writing that has yet to be fully deciphered.

The Chinese Civilization

The Chinese civilization emerged around 1600 BCE along the Yellow River in present-day China. The Chinese were known for their advancements in technology such as papermaking and gunpowder as well as philosophy such as Confucianism and Taoism.

The Minoan Civilization

The Minoan civilization emerged on the island of Crete around 3000 BCE and lasted until around 1450 BCE when it was destroyed by a volcanic eruption. The Minoans were known for their advancements in art and architecture, including intricate frescoes and palace complexes.


In conclusion, before the civilization of Ancient Greece emerged, there were several advanced civilizations that paved the way for human history and culture. From the Mesopotamian civilization to the Minoan civilization, each society had its own unique contributions to make to the world. By understanding what came before Ancient Greece, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the foundations upon which our modern society is built.