Georgia, a country located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, has a long and fascinating history. Its name has changed over time, reflecting the influences of various cultures and empires that have ruled the region. In this article, we will explore what Georgia was called in ancient times.
One of the earliest names associated with Georgia is Colchis. This name dates back to the 6th century BC when it was mentioned in Greek mythology as the land where Jason and his Argonauts sought the Golden Fleece. The Colchians were known for their advanced metallurgy skills and traded with ancient Greeks and Persians.
In the 4th century BC, Georgia was united under one kingdom known as Iberia or Kartli. It was named after an ancient tribe called Iberians who inhabited the region. Iberian kings were known for their close relationships with Rome and Byzantium.
During the Middle Ages, Georgia was known as Kartli or Kartveli. This name derives from an ancient Georgian tribe Kartlos who founded the first Georgian state around 12th century BC. The Kingdom of Kartli became a powerful state under King Vakhtang Gorgasali in the 5th century AD.
The modern-day name for Georgia – Sakartvelo – comes from its historical name, Kartli. It means “a place where Kartlis live” in Georgian language. The name Sakartvelo was used during medieval times by Georgians themselves to refer to their country.
In conclusion, Georgia has been known by many names throughout its rich history, reflecting its diverse cultural influences and political changes over time. From Colchis to Iberia, Kartli to Sakartvelo, the country has a complex and fascinating past that continues to shape its present. Understanding the history of Georgia’s name is just one way to appreciate the country’s unique culture and identity.