What Was Gold Called in Ancient Times?

Gold is one of the most precious metals known to humanity. Its rarity, beauty, and resistance to corrosion made it a valuable commodity for centuries.

But have you ever wondered what gold was called in ancient times? Let’s explore the history of this precious metal and its different names throughout history.

The Origin of Gold

Gold has a long and rich history that dates back to ancient times. The first evidence of gold mining dates back to 2600 BCE in Egypt, where it was used to make jewelry and decorative objects. Over time, gold became a symbol of wealth and power, and its value increased accordingly.

The Different Names for Gold

Gold has been called many different names throughout history, depending on the culture and language. Here are some of the most common names for gold in ancient times:


The Latin word for gold is aurum, which means “shining dawn.” This name reflects the bright yellow color of gold and its association with sunlight.


In ancient Greece, gold was often mixed with silver to create a new metal called electrum. This alloy was used to make coins and other objects.


The Greek word for gold is chrysos, which means “golden.” This name highlights the beauty and value of this precious metal.


In Arabic, gold is called zahab, which means “yellow.” This name reflects the color of pure gold.

The Symbolism of Gold

Gold has always been associated with wealth, power, and prestige. In many cultures around the world, it is considered a symbol of good luck and prosperity. It has also been used in religious rituals as an offering or symbol of devotion.

The Modern Use of Gold

Today, gold is still highly valued for its beauty and rarity. It is used to make jewelry, coins, and other decorative objects. It is also used in technology, such as electronics and medical devices, due to its conductivity and biocompatibility.


Gold has played an important role in human history for thousands of years. Its different names reflect the cultural and linguistic diversity of our world. Whether it’s called aurum, chrysos, or zahab, gold remains a symbol of wealth, power, and beauty.