Hungary, a landlocked country in Central Europe, has a rich and fascinating history dating back to ancient times. In this article, we will explore the origins of Hungary and what it was called in ancient times.
The Origins of Hungary
The history of Hungary can be traced back to the arrival of the Magyar tribes in the Carpathian Basin in the late 9th century. The Magyars were a nomadic people who migrated from the east, and their arrival marked the beginning of Hungarian history.
The name “Hungary”
The name “Hungary” is derived from the Latin word “Hungaria,” which means “land of the Huns.” However, this name was not used by the Magyars themselves. In fact, they referred to their homeland as “Magyarország,” which means “Land of the Magyars.”
What Was Hungary Called in Ancient Times?
Before the arrival of the Magyars, several tribes and peoples inhabited the Carpathian Basin. The Romans referred to this region as Pannonia, while other ancient peoples who lived there included Celts, Dacians, and Sarmatians.
When the Magyars arrived in the area in 896 AD, they established their own state known as the Principality of Hungary. Over time, this principality evolved into a kingdom under King Stephen I in 1000 AD.
In conclusion, Hungary has a long and complex history that spans many centuries. While it is now known as Hungary or Magyarország by its inhabitants, it has been called many names throughout its history. From Pannonia to Hunnia to Principality of Hungary to Kingdom of Hungary – each name reflects a different period in its rich heritage.