What Was It Like Living in Ancient Egyptian Times?

Living in ancient Egyptian times was a unique experience that was shaped by the culture and traditions of this civilization. The ancient Egyptians were known for their advanced knowledge of science, art, and architecture, and their contributions to these fields continue to influence modern society. In this article, we will explore what it was like to live in ancient Egypt.

The Land of the Nile

Ancient Egypt was located in Northeast Africa and was bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Red Sea to the east, and the Sahara Desert to the west. The Nile River flowed through the center of Egypt and was crucial to its survival. People relied on the Nile for transportation, irrigation for crops, and fishing.

The Pharaohs

The pharaohs were considered divine rulers who had absolute power over their subjects. They were believed to be descendants of the gods and were responsible for maintaining prosperity in their kingdom. The pharaohs lived in elaborate palaces that were decorated with gold and precious stones.

The Social Hierarchy

Ancient Egyptian society was highly stratified with pharaohs at the top followed by nobles, priests, scribes, merchants, farmers, artisans, and slaves. Each class had specific roles and responsibilities.


Religion played a significant role in ancient Egyptian life. They believed in many gods and goddesses who controlled different aspects of nature such as Ra (the sun god), Osiris (the god of death), Isis (the goddess of fertility), etc. Temples were built throughout Egypt where people would come to pray and offer sacrifices.


Ancient Egyptians ate a variety of foods including bread made from barley or wheat, vegetables such as onions, garlic, lentils, beans, fruits such as figs and dates. Meat from cattle or sheep was reserved for special occasions as it was expensive.

Art and Architecture

Ancient Egyptians were known for their art and architecture. They built monumental structures such as the pyramids, sphinxes, and temples. They also created intricate paintings, sculptures, and jewelry.


Education was highly valued in ancient Egypt. Boys from wealthy families went to school to learn reading, writing, arithmetic, and hieroglyphics. Girls were taught by their mothers how to run a household.

In conclusion, living in ancient Egyptian times was a fascinating experience that was shaped by the culture and traditions of this civilization. The Nile River was the lifeline of Egypt, pharaohs ruled with absolute power, religion played a significant role in daily life, social hierarchy was highly stratified, food was simple but nutritious, art and architecture were impressive and education was highly valued. The legacy of ancient Egypt continues to inspire people around the world today.